DAY 5 - 30.09.2014 [TUESDAY]
03.00 A.M to 03.30 A.M
03.30 A.M to 06.00 A.M
Suddhi, Thomala Seva, Koluvu and Panchanga Sravanam inside Bangaru Vakili
Ekantha Thirumanjanam to Utsava Deities at Ranganayakula Mandapam
I Archana [Sahasranamam-ekantham], I Bell, Bali, Sathumura
06.00 A.M to 03.00 P.M
06.00 A.M to 08.00 A.M
Visesha Samarpanam to Sri Malayappa Swamy (Mohini Avatharam) and Lord Krishna Swami at Ranganayakula Madapanam
09.00 A.M to 11.00 A.M
Procession of Sri Malayappa Swami varu in Mohini Avatharam with Golden Parrot (Nachiyar Tirukkolam) in Ivory Palanquin (Dantha Pallaki) made and donated by Mysore Raja, along with Lord Krishna Swami varu around four mada streets from Ranganayakula Mantapam
PALLAKI UTSAVAM (MOHINI AVATARAM)
On the fifty day morning, Lord Srinivasa comes out on Ivory Palanquin (presented by Mysore Raja) appearing as Mohini, the adhi devatha of Sringara Rasa. Lord Navaneetha Krishna on Gold Tiruchhi accompanies Mohini in the Utsavam. From times immemorial, the practice of adorning Lord Malayappa Swami in Mohini Avathara is customary at the Hill Shrine. This is one of the two occasions where Lord Srinivasa appears in a female deity form. (Hamsa Vahana – Vidya Laxmi is the other one).
Venkatesa Suprabatham praises Lord as
pUmSAm mohana rUpAya puNya slOkAya mangalam
which means the Lord is so beautiful and charming in all his forms espically in this Mohini Avatharam, Lord is adorned as a beautiful Lady. And devotees offer their Nirajanams to Lord and praise him
atRuptyamRuta rUpAya vEnkaTEsAya mangalam ||
Bhagavatha beautifully describes Lord’s appearance as Mohini. Devas and Asuras churn the ocean of milk for Nector. In the manthana (Churning), many things Poison, Nector & other articles were obtained. They are taken by different demigods. Atlast the Nector (Amrutha) comes out and then their was a dispute among them as to who would take it first.
For Universal Happiness (Loka Kalyanartham), Lord Vishnu then assumes the form of a beautiful charming Lady, bedecked with precious jewels and flowered plait (Jada). Asuras, unaware of Vishnu Maya were cheated by and Devas get consume the Nector. Thus Lord Vishnu in Mohini Avathara saves the World.
Vishnu Maya governs the entire material World. Lord Srinivasa is the ‘JagannATaka sutradhAri’. Lord Srinivasa in his Mohini Avathara suggests and bless his devotees that the whole world is under his Maya & those who do not surrender unto me will be influenced by Vishnu Maya. And for the devotees of Lord, it is easy to cross this Maya in the Ocean of Samsara.
daIvI hyEshA guNamayI mama mAyA duratyayA |
mAmEva yE prapadyantE mAyAmEtAm tarantitE ||
Another meaning of guna is rope; it is to be understood that the conditioned soul is tightly tied by the ropes of illusion. A man bound by the hands and feet cannot free himself--he must be helped by a person who is unbound. Because the bound cannot help the bound, the rescuer must be liberated. Therefore, only Lord Krsna, or His bona fide representative the spiritual master, can release the conditioned soul. Without such superior help, one cannot be freed from the bondage of material nature. Devotional service, or Krsna consciousness, can help one gain such release. Krsna, being the Lord of illusory energy, can order this insurmountable energy to release the conditioned soul. He orders this release out of His causeless mercy on the surrendered soul and out of His paternal affection for the living entity who is originally a beloved son of the Lord. Therefore surrender unto the lotus feet of the Lord is the only means to get free from the clutches of the stringent material nature.
The words mam eva are also significant. Mam means unto Krsna (Visnu) only, and not Brahma or Siva. Although Brahma and Siva are greatly elevated and are almost on the level of Visnu, it is not possible for such incarnations of rajo-guna (passion) and tamo-guna (ignorance) to release the conditioned soul from the clutches of maya. In other words, both Brahma and Siva are also under the influence of maya. Only Visnu is the master of maya; therefore He can alone give release to the conditioned soul. The Vedas confirm this in the phrase tam eva viditva or "Freedom is possible only by understanding Venkateswara." Even Lord Siva affirms that liberation can be achieved only by the mercy of Vishnu. Lord Siva says:
mukti-pradata sarvesam visnur eva na samsayah.
"There is no doubt that Visnu is the deliverer of liberation for everyone."
11.00 A.M to 12 Noon
Asthanam at Ranganayukula Mandapam and Sallimpu of Special Jewels
03.00 P.M. TO 05.00 P M
Visesha Samarpana to Sri Malayappa Swamivaru at Ranganayakula Mantapam.
03.00 P.M to 05.00 P.M
Suddhi, II Archana in Ekantham, II Bell, Bali, Night Kainkaryams and Night Bell.
05:00 P.M to 01.00 A.M.
05:30 P.M. to 06:30 P.M.
Procession of Malayappa Swamivaru from Ranganayakula Mantapam to Unjal Mantapam and Unjal Seva is performed.
06.30 P.M. to 07.00 P.M.
Procession of Malayappa Swamivaru from Unjal mantapam to Vahana mandapam
07.00 P.M. to 09.00 P.M.
Procession of Lakshmi Haram (single rowed Jewel), Makarakanti (three rowed Jewel), Sahasranama Haram (five rowed Jewel), New Melchat Vastram to Vahana mantapam and Samarpana on Garuda Vahanam
These Lakshmi Haram, Makarakanti & Sahasranama Haram are the jewels of Moolavar in Garbhagruha. This is the only time in a year where Lord Malayappa is adorned with the Jewels of the Moolavar. It also is the fact that, these jewels come out of Bangaruvakili only once a Year. Hence this is the rarest of the opportunities to see all these divine, ancient Jewels closely, since on Moolavirat, most of the Jewels are overlaped by Flower & Tulsi garlands.
07.00 P.M. to 08.30 P.M.
Reception and procession of new Umbrella's (Svetha Chattram) from Doli Mantapam to Vahana Mantapam around 4 mada street and its adornment on Garuda Vahanam
08.30 P.M. to 01.00 A.M.
GARUDA SEVA TO LORD SRINIVASA
Garuda Vahana Seva is very important and highly sacred among other Vahana sevas in Srivari Navahnika Brahmotsvams.
‘CHnandOmayEna garuDEna samUhyamAna: || ‘
describes Srimad Bhagavatha which means Lord Vishnu travels around, ascending his celestial vehicle Garuda. Hence Garuda Seva has more significance than other sevas. Lord Srinivasa comes out on Garuda Vahana procession the the 5th Day of the Brahmotsavams night Utsavams. Garuda not only serves Lord as his Vehicle, He is also sent to invite all Devas on the First day of navahnika Brahmotsavams during Dwajarohanam. His picture is drawn on the Dwajapata. He also supervises the 9 day Utsavams along with other NityAnapAyinA’s, Anantha (Adisesha) & Viswaksena. The celestial Garuda flag is lowered on the 9th day night in Dwaja Avarohana ritual which marks the conclusion of Srivari Salakatla Brahmotsavams. It is customary practice at the Hill shrine to receive flower garlands (adorned to Godadevi Thayar) from Srivilliputtur in Tamilnadu, Goddess Andal’s Temple. Chennai Umbrella Charities Trust will present 11 new umbrellas every year. They come by walk carrying the Huge Umbrellas ( which are used in Vahana sevas) from Chennai and present them before the Procession of Vahana Seva. Before the Year 2006, on behalf of the people of Andhra Pradesh state, Hon’ble CM of AP has been presenting a new Melchat Silk Vastram to Lord Venkateshwara on 5th day night Garuda Seva day. But due to Security implication it has been changed to Dwajarohanam day.
Garuda’s Service to Lord Vishnu is eulogized in many puranas. Garuda Vahana seva is an important festival among 106 Srivaishnava Divya Desams around India. Lakhs of Devotees assemble at Tirumala travelling from far distances just o have a divine glimpse of Lord on his favorite vehicle Garuda. The Four Mada streets, (East, South, West & North) around the Hill Temple and all the roads leading to these streets is completely filled with devotees of Lord Srinivasa. Admist the chanting of holy name ‘GOVINDA……GOVINDA…….’ the Garuda Vahana seva circumambulate around the Shrine.
gOdA samarpita suvAsita PushpamAlAm
lakshmI suhAramaNi bhUshi sahasranAmanAm |
mAlAm vidhArya garuDOpari sannivishTa:
SrI vEnkaTAdri nilayo jayati prasanna: ||
describes many poets meaning, The divine glimpse of Lord Venkateshwara swami on Garuda Vahana, who is adorned with sacred garland of Godadevi and wearing Sahasranama Hara, will confer great punyam to the devotees. Tallapaka Annamacharya beautifully describes about Garuda Vahana seva in his song
“iTu garuDani nI vekkinanu paTapaTa dikkulu bhagguna PagilE”
dAsO mitram tALavRuntam vithAnam pITam VAsO vAnanam cha dwajaScha |
Evam bhUtvaAnEkathA sarvadAsa: SrIsam SrImAn sEvatE vainatEya: ||
meaning, Vainateya (another name of Garuda), who is foremost among nityasuri’s serves Lord Srinivasa as his first servant, Best friend, as a Seat, as a residence, as a hand fan, as a Vehicle and as a flag. It is highly blissful to witness garuda carrying Lord on his Shoulders. Garuda’s both wings represents Jnana( wisdom) and Vairagya (Desireless). Devotees who catch the divine darsan of Lord Malayappa Swami on Garuda Vahana will be conferred with Jnana & Vairagya.
There are many specilities for Garuda Vahana seva at Tirumala Hill Shrine. Garuda is eulogized as ‘Periya Thiruvadi’ in Vaishnava Sampradayam. Once in a year during Garuda Seva, Lord Malayappa swami will be adorned with precious ornaments of Mulavirat / Dhruva Bera of Lord Srinivasa. These precious ornaments are adorned to Dhruva Bera as a part of Brahmotsavam Visesha Samarpana (Special Adorment) on the previous Friday. There is a special Kainkaryam called Lakshmi Haram Kainkaryam allotted to Vaikhanasa Archaka for this task. This Archaka wears a Siro Vastram around his forehead and a Melchat Uttareeyam (which is a Silk vastram of 12 Yards) which was adorned to Mulavirat. He wears it around his chest and he stands to the left of Lord on Garuda Vahana on 5th day evening. During Night Aradhana to Mulavirat, this ‘Lakshmi haram’ Kainkarya Archaka will remove selected customary jewels from the DhruvaBera of Lord Srinivasa. In a grand procession from Sanctum to Vahana Mantapam with Temple paraphernalia, the Archaka carries these Jewels on his head amidst chanting of sacred Vedic hymns. Upon reaching Vahana Mantapam, these ornaments are adorned to Lord Malayappa Swami and Garuda.
The jewels are:
LAKSHMI HARAM: 108 Gold pendents of ‘Chaturbuja Lakshmi icons’ with a big ‘GandaBherunda’ Patakam in the centre.
SAHASRANAMA HARAM: 1008 Gold pendents in 5 rows which is minted with ‘Sri Venkatesa Sahasranamavali’ (from Brahmanda Puranam), One name on each coin in Telugu l
anguage. The first row has 200 pendents, and the remaining 202 pendents each. This was presented to the
shrine in 1965 by the Raja of Mysore (Karnataka state).
MAKARA KANTI: This is a set of 3 necklaces out of this, 2 necklaces are ‘Kantabharanams’ and the third one is a big Haram. This is presented by the Raja of Mysore, who is a great devotee of Lord Venkateshwara. Enriched with Precious un-cut Diamonds, Emralds, Rubies and has a splendid design in the Shape of a Crocodile (Makara).
These three ornaments usually adorned to Mulavirat during Visesha Samarpana (Special Adornment) with diamond studded ornaments to Mulavirat on important occasions/Festivals of the Shrine such as Ugadi Asthanam, Anivara Asthanam (July, Brahmotsavams, Deepavali Asthanam (Oct/Nov) & Vaikunta Ekadasi (Jan/Dec).
The flower garlands are big attraction during Garuda Vahana Seva. Tons of flowers will be donated by a number of Devotees from all over the country during the Brahmotsavam Festival. Apart from the regular Big flower garlands (on all other Vahanas), there will be a big ‘Gaja Mala’ (garland is as thick as an Elephants leg) which will be carried by at least 6 people. This is carefully adorned to Lord Malayappa Swami on Garuda Vahana (to see that the weight of garland should not fall on Lord).
As soon as the procession reaches the Vahana Mantapam, the Vaikhanasa Archaka who has performed Harathi to Malayappa swami on the Vahanam is honored with ‘Sri Satari’ and Tamboolam (also called as Madupu) which is a customary right for Hereditary Archakas. After this the Veda Parayanam by TTD Veda pandits conclude and they are honored with ‘Sri Satari’.
Now the precious ornaments Lakshmi Haram, Sahasranama haram, Makara Kanti are removed carefully and collected in a Big Silver Vessel. The Lakshmi Haram Kainkaryam Archaka now carries this Silver vessel on his Head from Vahana Mantapam to Sanctum. At the Sanctum these Abharanams are adorned back to Mulavirat. The customary practice at Hill Shrine is those Vaikhanasa Archakas who perform Aradhana and Alankarm to Mulavirat, must come from Vaikhanasa Archaka Residence (at North Mada Street) to the Sanctum by wearing ‘madi’ Dhothies and they should not touch others. They are guarded by Sannidhi Golla, who ensures that they come in Madi till Sanctum. Upon entering Sanctum, they touch the Divine Self manifested Archa Murthy of Lord Srinivasa and offer Karpoora Harathi to the Lord. From then onwards till their Kainkaryam is over, they should stay at Sanctum. The practice is they should not cross the first prakaram / Dwajasthambham so as to be able to touch and offer puja to Mulavirat. If in any case the Archaka crosses the Dwajasthambham, they should again take head bath and wear Madi Dhothies and should come from Archakas residence duly guarded by Sannidhi Golla.
If the Archaka has to cross Dwajasthambham to perform special rituals like Lakshmi Haram on Garuda Vahana Seva, Dhwajarohanam & Dwaja Avarohanam (During Dhwajarohanam& Avarohanam, the Archaka performing the Kainkaryam wears Siro Vastram and Melchat Sesha Vastram) then the practice is to let him wear a Siro Vastram (a silk cloth which is placed at the Lotus feet of Mulavirat and is tied around Archakas forehead) and a Melchat Sesha Vastram (Silk vastram which is already adorned to Mulavirat as an Upper cloth (Uttareeyam adorned and removed) around his chest region. This is followed to preserve the sanctity. Now this Archaka even after crossing the Dwajasthambham can again touch and offer Kainkaryam to Mulavirat.
So here the Lakshmi Haram kainkaryam Archaka has to perform special Kainkaryam. First he need to collect Ornaments on Mulavirat and then adorn it to Lord Malayappa Swami and Garuda in the Vahana Mantapam, by crossing the Dwajasthambham and again he has to adorn back the ornaments after the Procession is over. Since he is adorned with Sesha Vastrams of Mulavirat, he can touch Mulavirat so as to complete his Kainkaryam. Such magnificent age old practices are still followed strictly at the Hill Shrine to preserve Srivari Saannidhyam.
The celestial bird Vehicle of Lord Vishnu ‘Garuda’ has many more Significances.
The Jewels of Mulavirat Lakshmi Haram, Makara Kanti and Sahasranama Haram will be removed from Lord Malayappa Swami on Garuda Vahana and they are taken back to Sannidhi by the Lakshmi Haram Kainkarya Archaka by carrying them on his head. These Jewels will be adorned back to Mulavirat.
01.00 A.M. to 01.30 A.M.
Return to Temple, Sallimpu of Special Jewels at Ranganayakula Mandapam: After the Utsavams return back to the temple, the Srivaishnava Ghosti headed by HH Sri Pedda Jeeyangar Swami & HH Sri Chinna Jeeyangar Swami offer Sathumura. Later the entire group is given Srivari Shattari by Vaikhanasa Archaka's and let for Darshana of Moolavar. The processional icons are then carefully maneuvered into Ranganayakula Mantapam. Here the Visesha Samarpana of Jewels & flower garlands are removed.
01.00 A.M to 01.15 A.M
Suddhi, Thiruveesam Bell and Preparation for Ekantha Seva: Suddhi of Garbhagruha upto Bangaruvakili & the entire Asthana Mantapa is cleaned with water. Now the arrangements for putting Lord Bhoga Srinivasa in a Golden cot hung by 4 huge silver chains in Shayana mantapam begins. Paricharaka brings the velvet cot and pillow, and all the items necessary for this and arranges them neatly.
Ekantha Seva :
Here ekantha means alone with family. Lord is given a formal ritual and offered fruits and warm milk as a last food offering for the day. Later Lord is placed on the cot carefully by Vaikhanasa archaka. Lord is carefully laid with head towards south and his divine feet pointing towards North. This is the Last ritual of the temple for the day. Archakas carefully check for things to be in proper order to avoid any unfortunates and finally close the doors of Ramulavari Meda and then the Bangaru Vakili and Lock it. Temple is officially closed for the Day.